Zadar

 

Zadar is a city in Croatia on the Adriatic Sea. It is the centre of Zadar County and the wider northern Dalmatian region. Zadar is a historical center of Dalmatia as well as the seat of the Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Zadar.

Geography

Zadar faces the islands of Ugljan and Pašman, from which it is separated by the narrow Zadar Strait. The promontory on which the old city stands used to be separated from the mainland by a deep moat which has since become landfilled. The harbor, to the north-east of the town, is safe and spacious.

Climate

Zadar has a borderline humid subtropical (Cfa) and Mediterranean climate (Csa), since only one summer month has less than 40 millimetres (1.6 in) of rainfall, preventing it from being classified as solely humid subtropical or Mediterranean. Zadar has mild, wet winters and very warm, humid summers. Average annual rainfall is in excess of 917 mm (36.10 in). July and August are the hottest months, with an average high temperature around 30 °C (86 °F) or 29 °C (84 °F).

The highest temperature ever was 36.1 °C (97 °F) in August. Temperatures can consistently reach over 30 °C (86 °F) during the summer months, but during spring and autumn may also reach 30 °C (86 °F) almost every year. Temperatures below 0 °C (32 °F) are rare, and are not maintained for more than a few days. January is the coldest month, with an average temperature around 7.7 °C (46 °F). On January 23, 1963 was recorded the lowest temperature ever in Zadar, −9.1 °C (16 °F). Through July and August temperature has never dropped below 10 °C (50 °F). October and November are the wettest months, with a total precipitation of about 114 mm (4.49 in) and 119 mm (4.69 in) respectively.

July is the driest month, with a total precipitation of around 35 mm (1.38 in). Winter is the wettest season, however it can rain in Zadar at any time of the year. Snow is exceedingly rare, but it may fall in December, January, February and much more rarely in March. On average Zadar has 1.4 days of snow a year, but more likely it was that the snow does not fall. Also the sea temperature is from 10 °C (50 °F) in February to 25 °C (77 °F) in July and August, but is possible to swim from May until October, sometimes even by November. Sometimes in February the sea temperature can drop to only 7 °C (45 °F) and in July exceed 29 °C (84 °F).

[hide]Climate data for Zadar (Puntamika Borik)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 17.1
(62.8)
21.2
(70.2)
22.5
(72.5)
27.2
(81)
32.0
(89.6)
34.6
(94.3)
35.8
(96.4)
36.1
(97)
33.0
(91.4)
28.0
(82.4)
25.0
(77)
18.6
(65.5)
36.1
(97)
Average high °C (°F) 10.0
(50)
11.0
(51.8)
13.4
(56.1)
17.4
(63.3)
22.4
(72.3)
26.5
(79.7)
29.8
(85.6)
29.2
(84.6)
25.1
(77.2)
20.0
(68)
14.9
(58.8)
11.2
(52.2)
19.24
(66.63)
Daily mean °C (°F) 7.7
(45.9)
8.1
(46.6)
10.4
(50.7)
13.9
(57)
18.6
(65.5)
22.4
(72.3)
25.4
(77.7)
25.2
(77.4)
21.4
(70.5)
16.9
(62.4)
12.2
(54)
8.7
(47.7)
15.91
(60.64)
Average low °C (°F) 5.1
(41.2)
5.6
(42.1)
7.6
(45.7)
10.8
(51.4)
15.1
(59.2)
18.6
(65.5)
21.4
(70.5)
21.1
(70)
18.0
(64.4)
14.1
(57.4)
9.7
(49.5)
6.4
(43.5)
12.79
(55.03)
Record low °C (°F) −9.1
(15.6)
−8.6
(16.5)
−6.8
(19.8)
2.0
(35.6)
3.4
(38.1)
8.2
(46.8)
11.7
(53.1)
10.0
(50)
6.4
(43.5)
2.9
(37.2)
−2.6
(27.3)
−6.0
(21.2)
−9.1
(15.6)
Precipitation mm (inches) 77
(3.03)
72
(2.83)
74
(2.91)
60
(2.36)
61
(2.4)
52
(2.05)
35
(1.38)
63
(2.48)
98
(3.86)
112
(4.41)
119
(4.69)
94
(3.7)
917
(36.1)
Avg. snowy days 0.7 0.4 0.1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0.2 1.4
Mean monthly sunshine hours 119.2 137.6 181.1 207.0 263.8 295.5 349.0 310.8 249.3 184.0 125.7 106.8 2,529.8
Source: Weatherbase

Transportation

In the 20th century, roads became more important than sea routes, but Zadar remained an important traffic point. The main road along the Adriatic passes through the city. In the immediate vicinity, there is the Zagreb-Dubrovnik highway, finished up to Split in 2005. Zadrans can access to the highway by two interchanges: Zadar 1 exit in the north and Zadar 2 highway hub near Zemunik in the south. The southern interchange is connected to Zadar port of Gaženica by the D424 expressway. Since 1966, a railway has linked Zadar with Knin, where it joins the main railway from Zagreb to Split.

It has an international sea line to Ancona in Italy. There is a plan for an “Adriatic Railway” line linking Zadar with Gospić and Split. Zadar International Airport is located in Zemunik, around 14 kilometres (9 miles) to the east of Zadar and accessible via the expressway. The airport is experiencing year on year an average of 30% increase in passenger traffic mainly due to arrivals of lowcost carriers (Ryanair, Germanwings, InterSky, JobAir) connecting Zadar from the end of March through October with over 20 cities throughout Europe.

Currently, the arrivals and departures terminal building is expanding to accommodate the increasing number of passengers, with completion scheduled for March 2011. The extension of the runway for an additional 500m from the current 2500m is scheduled for late 2011