Dubrovnik

 

Dubrovnik is a Croatian city on the Adriatic Sea, in the region of Dalmatia. It is one of the most prominent tourist destinations in the Mediterranean, a seaport and the centre of Dubrovnik-Neretva County.

Its total population is 42,615 (census 2011). In 1979, the city of Dubrovnik joined the UNESCO list of World Heritage Sites.

The prosperity of the city of Dubrovnik was historically based on maritime trade. As the capital of the Republic of Ragusa, a maritime republic, the city achieved a high level of development, particularly during the 15th and 16th centuries. Dubrovnik became notable for its wealth and skilled diplomacy.

The beginning of tourism in Dubrovnik is associated with the construction of the Hotel Imperial in Dubrovnik in 1897. According to CNNGo, Dubrovnik is among the 10 best medieval walled cities in the world. Although Dubrovnik was demilitarised in the 1970s to protect it from war, in 1991, after the breakup of Yugoslavia, it was besieged by the Yugoslav People’s Army (JNA) for seven months and received significant shelling damage.

Dubrovnik has a borderline humid subtropical (Cfa) and Mediterranean climate (Csa) in the Köppen climate classification, since only two summer months have less than 40 millimetres (1.6 in) of rainfall, preventing it from being classified as solely humid subtropical or Mediterranean. It has hot, moderately dry summers and mild, wet winters.

The Bura wind blows uncomfortably cold gusts down the Adriatic coast between October and April, and thundery conditions are common all the year round, even in summer, when they interrupt the warm, sunny days. The air temperatures can slightly vary, depending on the area or region. Typically, in July and August daytime maximum temperatures reach 28 °C (82 °F), and at night drop to around 23 °C (73 °F). More comfortable, perhaps, is the climate in Spring and Autumn when maximum temperatures are typically between 20 °C (68 °F) and 28 °C (82 °F).

Climate

  • Air temperature
    • average annual
16.4 °C (61.5 °F)

    • average of coldest period=January
10 °C (50 °F)
    • average of warmest period=August
25.8 °C (78.4 °F)
  • Sea temperature
    • average May–September
17.9–23.8 °C (64.2–74.8 °F)
  • Salinity*
    • approximately 38 ‰ (parts per thousand)
  • Precipitation
    • average annual
1,020.8 mm
    • average annual rain days
109.2
  • Sunshine
    • average annual
2629 h
    • average daily hours
7.2 h
[hide]Climate data for Dubrovnik
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 12
(54)
12
(54)
14
(57)
17
(63)
21
(70)
25
(77)
28
(82)
28
(82)
25
(77)
21
(70)
17
(63)
13
(55)
20
(68)
Average low °C (°F) 6
(43)
6
(43)
8
(46)
11
(52)
15
(59)
19
(66)
21
(70)
21
(70)
18
(64)
14
(57)
10
(50)
7
(45)
13
(55)
Precipitation mm (inches) 147
(5.79)
113
(4.45)
102
(4.02)
92
(3.62)
79
(3.11)
60
(2.36)
24
(0.94)
38
(1.5)
97
(3.82)
156
(6.14)
213
(8.39)
180
(7.09)
1,301
(51.22)
Avg.precipitation days 11 11 9 8 8 4 3 3 6 9 13 13 98
Mean monthly sunshine hours 127.1 130.0 167.4 201.0 263.5 306.0 353.4 334.8 261.0 213.9 117.0 99.2 2,574.3
Source: http://at.wetter.com/reise/laenderinfos/klimadatenbank/?continent=EU&country=EUHR&station=HRXXX0043

Transport

Dubrovnik has an international airport of its own. It is located approximately 20 km (12 mi) from Dubrovnik city centre, near Čilipi. Buses connect the airport with the Dubrovnik old main bus station in Gruž. In addition, a network of modern, local buses connects all Dubrovnik neighbourhoods running frequently from dawn to midnight. However, Dubrovnik, unlike Croatia’s other major centres, is not accessible by rail; until 1975 Dubrovnik was connected to Mostar and Sarajevo by a narrow gauge railway(760 mm) built during the Austro-Hungarian rule of Bosnia.

The A1 highway, in use between Zagreb and Vrgorac, is planned to be extended all the way to Dubrovnik. Because the area around the city is disconnected from the rest of Croatian territory, the highway will either cross the Pelješac Bridge whose construction is currently stalled, or run through Neum in Bosnia and Herzegovina and continue to Dubrovnik.